In 2017 the Municipality of Kristiansand held an architectural competition for a new bus terminal to replace the old, outdated terminal built in 1960. Asplan Viak’s proposal ‘Natteravnen’ was chosen as the winner. The proposal consisted of a transparent building in glass and timber and the construction started in 2018. The goal was to create a pavilion with a future-oriented environmental concept. Degree of Freedom did the detailed engineering of the concrete and steel structures for the main contractor, PK Entreprenør, and of the glulam timber roof for the supplier, Aaneslands Limtre.
Kristiansand Bus Terminal (Kristiansand rutebilstasjon) is the central bus terminal in Kristiansand, Norway. It is the hub for the bus lines in southern Norway and includes lines to Oslo and Stavanger. The bus terminal is located next to the Kristiansand train station and the city harbour.
The building is a one floor structure with the length of 48m and the width of 9,5m. With large glass facades, that give the building a transparent and modern look, the new station has become a landmark building in the city providing travellers with waiting rooms, toilets and a large kiosk. There is also a dedicated rest area for the bus and taxi drivers at one end of the building.
The structural materials are concrete, steel and glulam timber. The glulam grid roof has integrated LED strips that are automatically dimmed by natural sunlight. The timber roof structure is visible both inside and outside, and is the most important architectural element in the project. The products and working methods have been chosen with the goal of reducing the CO2 emissions by 50% compared with similar reference buildings.
Structural engineering during detailed design. Technical assistance during construction.